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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

An Overview

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Common symptoms of ADHD are a short attention span or being easily distracted, restlessness, constant fidgeting or overactivity and being impulsive. Individuals suffering from ADHD might have additional problems such as difficulties sleeping and anxiety disorders.

Whilst ADHD is most often diagnosed in children, adults can also suffer from it. If you suffer from the disorder this is likely to significantly affect your concentration, organisation of tasks, ability to stay focused and work towards a long-term goal and emotional regulation.

 

Signs and Symptoms

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder which is characterised by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity. It is important to know that children with ADHD are not to be mistaken for having low IQ as these children with ADHD can be as successful as non-ADHD children.

Causes

Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD. But studies have shown that the brain development of the kids with ADHD is delayed by two to three years which may explain why the ADHD kids act younger than their peers. ADHD tends to runs in families which shows that genetics as one of the factors. ADHD is found to be more common in males than females. Other conditions, such as learning disabilities, anxiety disorder, conduct disorder, depression, and substance abuse, are common in people with ADHD.

Prognosis

Children who are diagnosed with ADHD grow into adults with ADHD.  ADHD does not go away but if treatment is given early then with the passage of time the troublesome symptoms of inattention and impulsivity could be controlled and reduced.

Assessment & Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of ADHD can help in reducing disturbance in normal activities of the day and the family stress. Also, an early detection helps in learning to manage the symptoms better with years.

 

Treatment

If you think you might be suffering from ADHD, you could have a special assessment to verify the diagnosis. While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning. Treatment of ADHD includes medication and psychological therapy such as cognitive-behavioural therapy, stress reduction, and behavioural training.

How Therapy Works

Therapy helps the ADHD patients to have a better control of his behaviour and help the patient’s family to handle everyday issues confidently.
Behavioural therapy aim is to help an ADHD patient to change his behaviour through practical assistance and involvement in organizing the timetable so the various daily tasks could be complete with least disruptions. Behaviour therapy also helps in teaching to control and manage unpleasant emotions.

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